DID YOU KNOW . . . ?


. . . Fort Recovery is the site of the two largest Indian-military battles in the United States.

. . . Fort Recovery is the site of the worst defeat of an American army on American soil in the history of the United States.   Over 65% of the entire U.S. Army was completely destroyed in three hours.  Our country went virtually without an army for two years.

. . . The first battle at Fort Recovery (St. Clair's Defeat) resulted in the very first U.S. Congressional investigation.  St. Clair was blamed for the defeat, but was exonerated of all charges when it was found the Secretary of War, Henry Knox, and his friend, William Duer, stole $55,000 of the $75,000 allocated to buy supplies for the newly formed army and used it to speculate on land.

. . . St. Clair's Defeat is the greatest victory of a native force (the Indians) over a white invading force (the army) in the history of the world.

. . . Fort Recovery's first battle is the only battle in the U.S. that does not have an official name.  It is called St Clair's Defeat, St. Clair's Shame, Battle of Bloody Run, and Battle of the Wabash, but none of these names is official.

. . . To be in the army you had to have at least 4 teeth.  You had to have two on the top and two on the bottom that opposed each other.  The reason:  to load your musket.

. . . You were supposed to be 16 to join the army, but if you were younger, you might be made a drummer boy.

. . . The Indians had a matriarchal society (the women were in charge).  All a woman had to do to divorce her husband was put his belongings outside the tent.

. . . The women of the tribe determined if the men went to war.

. . . Indians only shaved their heads before battle.  They did it to make more room for warpaint.  Ohterwise they let their hair grow out and it was rather unkempt.

. . . Fort Recovery has the largest collection of prehistoric artifacts on display in the state of Ohio.

. . . Fort Recovery has the only mounted dragoon exhibit in the United States.

The following is an excerpt  from The Archaeology of Fort Recovery by Tony DeRegnaucourt:

"It is no exaggeration to state that the two largest engagements in the entire history of the United States in terms of number of participants and casulities between the U.S. Army and the Native Americans occurred here [Fort Recovery]. I  More people have died in battle in the few acres of downtown Fort Recovery, both American and Indian, than any place in the United States excepting several large Civil War battles.  In fact more U.S. Army casualties occurred here than any battle of the American Revolutionary War."